JPSC Mains Exam Syllabus In Hindi
JPSC Main Exam Syllabus
JPSC Main Exam General Studies Syllabus
Paper-II : English Language and Literature
Full Marks : 150 Time : 3Hours
(a) History of English Language : (i) Indo-European Family of Language
(ii) Teutonic Verbal system, Teutonic Accent
(iii) The First Sound Shifting or Grimm’s Law
(iv) Old English (Dialects of Old English, Characteristics of Old English, Old English Vocabulary)
(v) Middle English (Dialects of Modern English; Characteristics of Middle English; Rise of Standard English)
(b) The Definition of Poetry : its characteristics, purpose, forms of poetry– lyric, sonnet, ode, balled, free verse, blank verse, rhymed verse, poetic terms–alliteration. resonance. rhyme scheme, meter– its types.
(c) Comprehension (A passage containing approximately 1000 words to be set) :
(d) Grammar : (i) Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Article, Preposition, Subject-Verb Agreement, Narration, Voice, Transformation, Clause.
(ii) Single-word substitution
(iii) Correction of errors
(iv) pairs of words
(v) Idioms and Phrases
(e) History of English Literature (British, American, Colonial and Post-Colonial Writing) from the 14′ century up to the 21″ century : Poetry, Drama, Prose, Novel, Criticism, Biography, Autobiography, Short-Stories (General introduction of eminent poets, dramatists, novelists, prose-writers, short-story writers, autobiographers, biographers, popular writers)
(f) Fiction and Drama (Critical Study and Explanation) : (i) Kanthapura: Raja Rao (ii) A Passage to India: E. M. Forster (iii) Macbeth : William Shakespeare (iv) Arms and the Man : G.B. Shaw
(g) Poetry (Critical Study and Explanation) : (i) The Quality of Mercy : William Shakespeare (ii) The Little Black Boy : William Blake (iii) The Solitary Reaper: William Wordsworth (iv) Mutability: P.B. Shelley (v) I Think Continually of Those Who were Truly Great (vi) Heaven of Freedom: Rabindranath lagore (vii) A Soul’s Prayer: Sarojini Naidu
(h) Prose (Critical Study and Explanation) : (i) On Habits: A.G. Gardiner (ii) India Again: E. M. Forster (iii) Playing the English Gentleman : Mahatma Gandhi (iv) Of Studies: Francis Bacon (v) Mr. Know All: Somerset Maugham (vi) The Homecoming: Rabindranath Tagore (vii) The Cherry Tree: Ruskin Bond
(i) Essay : On socio-economic or current topic.
SOCIAL SCIENCE (History and Geography)
Total Marks: 200 Time: 3 hours
The question-paper of Social Science shall have two distinct sections; one of History and the other one of Geography; each of 100 marks. The candidates will be required to answer one compulsory and two optional questions from each section i.e. six questions in all. The compulsory question of each section, covering the entire syllabus of the concerned section, shall have ten objective type questions, each of two marks (10×2=20 marks), in addition, there shall be four optional questions in each section of History and Geography. Since there are four distinct sub-sections, both in History and Geography, one question will be drawn from each sub-section as to make a total of four optional questions in each of the two distinct sections of History and Geography; of which candidates will be required to answer only two questions; each of 40 marks. The optional questions shall be answered in the traditional, descriptive style, requiring long-answers.
Section (A) – History: 100 marks
- Ancient Period :
- The Indus Valley Civilization : Origin, antiquity, extent, authorship and main features;
- Origin of the Aryans.
- Antiquity and stratification of the Vedic literature; Society, economy and religion during Early (Rig-Vedic) period.
- The Lichchavis and their republican Constitution.
- The Rise of the Magadhan Empire.
- The Mauryas: Extent of empire, Kalinga War and its impact; Asoka’s Dhamma, Foreign Policy, Development or Art & Architecture during the Mauryan period.
- The kushanas: Kanishka: Extent of empire, His religious policy; Development of Art, Architecture and Letters during the Kushana period.
- The Guptas : Extent of empire; development of language and iterature, art & architecture during the Gupta period.
- Harsha-Vardhan: The last great Hindu ruler of Northern India; cultural achievements during his period.
- The Cholas: Maritime activities in South-east Asian countries, Chola administration, art & architecture.
- Cultural Achievements of the Pallavas.
(B) Medieval Period:
- The Arab invasion of India.
- The Ghaznavid Invasion of India.
- The Delhi Sultanate : Market and Military Reforms of Allauddin Khilji; Utopian policies of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.
- The Mongol invasion of India.
- religious Movement : (a) Suflsm (b) Bhakti Movement.
- Dawn of a New-Islamic culture : Indo-Islamic architecture; Development of Urdu and Hindu languages.
- The Mughals : First Battle of Panipat; Achievements of Sher Shah Suri, Conolidation of Mughal empire; Establishment of jagirdari and Manasbdari systems under Akbar, Akbar’s Religious and Rajput policles, Aurangzeb and Rajput policies, Mughal Architecture and Painting, Economic Condition during Mughal period.
- The Rise of the Marathas : Achievements of Shivaji, Northward expansion of the Marathas and their downfall.
(C) Modern Period :
- Beginning of European settlements : Formation and growth of East India Company; Consolidation of British power in India: Battles of Plassey and Buxar; Control over Mysore; Subsidiary Alliance; Doctrine of Lapse; Doctrine of Escheat.
- Resistance to Colonial Rule; Peasant; Tribal and Cultural Renaissance; Revolt of 1857.
Social Reforms Movements in Hindu Community: Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission, Prarthana Samaj and Theosophical Society of India.
- Social Reforms Movements in Muslim Community: Wahabi Movement & Aligarh Movements.
- Struggle for Raising Women’s status: Abolition of Sati System, Widow Marriage Act, Consent Bill, Stress on Female Education. xix
- Land Revenue Administration under the British rule: Permanet Settlement; Ryotwari & Mahalwari Systems.
- Rise of Nationalism in India the 19th century: Formation of Indian National Congress: Moderates and Extremists; Swadeshi Movement.
- Mahatma Gandhi and Mass politics: Non-co-operation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement.
- The partition of India its consequences.
(D) History of Jharkhand:
- India After independence: Integration of Princely states in Indian Union; Linguistic Reorganization of States; Non-aligned policy under Nehru and India Gandhi, Libration of Bangladesh.
- Adi-dharma i.e. Sarana cult of Jharkhand tribals;
- Concept of Sadan and emergence of Nagpuria language;
- Tribal Revolts in Jharkhand and Nationalist struggle;
- Birsa Movement,
- Tana Ghagat Movement, and
- Freedom Movement in Jharkhand.
Section (B) – Geography: 100 Marks
(A) Physical Geography (General Principles):
- Origin and evolution of earth, interior of earth, Wegner’s Continental Drift Theory; Plate tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis.
- Major types of rocks and their characteristics, evolution and Characteristics of landforms in the Fluvial, Glacial, Arid and Karst regions.
- Geomorphic processes; Weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition, soil formation. Landscape cycles, ideas of Davis Davis and Penck.
- Composition, Structure and Stratification of the atmosphere.
- Insolation, heat budget of the earth.
- Horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature, inversion of temperature.
- Air masses and fronts, Tropical and temperate cyclones.
- Evaporation and Condensation: dew frost, fog mist and cloud, rainfall types.
- Classification of climates, (Koppen and Thornthwaite), Greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.
- Hydrological cycle, distribution of temperature and solicits in the oceans and seas, waves, tides and currents, ocean floor relief features.
(B) Physical and Human Geography of India:
- Structure, relief and physiographic divisions, Drainage Systems: Himalayan and the Peninsular.
- Indian monsoon, mechanism, onset and retreat, climatic types (Koppen and Trewartha). Green Revolution and its impact on major crops of India, Food scarcity.
- Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves.
- Major types of Soils. (ICAR classification) and their distribution. soil degradation and conservation.
- Natural Hazards: Floods, Droughts, Cyclones, Landslides.
- Population growth, distribution and density.
- Age: Sex, ratio, rural-urban composition;
- Population, environment and development.
- Types of Settlement: rural and urban, urban morphology; functional classification of urban settlements, Problems of human settlement in India.
(C) Natural Resources of India:
- Land Resource: General land use, agricultural land use, geographical condition and distribution of major crops, like, Rice, Wheat, Cotton jute, Sugarcane, Rubber, Tea and Cof
- Water Resources: Availability and utilization for industrial and other purposes, irrigation, scarcity of water, methods of conservation-rain water harvesting and watershed management, ground water management.
- Minerals and Energy Resources: Distribution and utility of (a) metallic minerals (ion ore, copper, bauxite, magnese), (b) non-metallic and conventional (coal, petroleum and natural gas), (c) hydro electricity and non conventional source of energy (Solar, Wing, bio-gas), (d) energy source, their distribution and conservation.
- Development of Industries: Types of industries; factors of industrial location, distribution and changing pattern of selected industries (iron and cotton textile, sugar and petro-chemicals); Weber’s theory of industrial location-its relevance in the modern world.
- Transport, Communication and International Trade:
1. Roads, railways and water ways.
2. Bases of International trade, changing pattern of India’s foreign trade.
(D) Geography of Jharkhand and Utilization of its Resources:
- Geological history, landforms, drainage, climate, soil types and forests agriculture and irrigation, Damodar & Suberna rekha valley projects; mineral resources of Jharkhand extraction and utilization.
- Population: Growth, distribution, density; Tribal population and their distribution, Problems of Tribes and Tribal development Plans; their customs, rituals, festivals etc.
- Industrial and urban development, Major industries-Iron, Steel and Cement; Cottage Industries.
- Pattern of urban settlement and Pollution Problems.
INDIAN CONSTITUTION & POLITY, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION & GOOD GOVERNANCE
Total Marks: 200 Time: 3 hours
The question-paper of the Indian Constitution, Polity and Public Administration shall consist of two distinct sections i.e. one on Indian Constitution and Polity, and the other one on Public Administration & Good Governance, each of 100 marks. The candidates will be required to answer one compulsory and two optional questions from each section. The compulsory question of each section, covering the entire syllabus of the concerned section, shall have ten objective type of question, each of two marks (10×2=20). In addition, there shall be four optional questions in each section, of which candidates will be required to answer only two questions, each of 40 marks. The optional questions shall be answered in the traditional, descriptive form; requiring long answers.
Section-(A) – Indian Constitution and Polity
- Preamble of the Indian Constitution (Secular, Democratic and Socialist)- Philosophy behind it.
- Salient features of the Indian Constitution. Concept of Public Interest Litigation; Basic structure of the Indian Constitution.
- Fundamental Rights & Duties.
- Directive Principles of the State Policy.
- Union Government:
- Union Executive: Powers and functions of President, Vice President, Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers: Functioning under a Coalition Government.
- Union Legislature: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha: Organization and Functions; Law making process; parliament Committees; Parliament’s control over Executive over Executive; Privileges and immunities of Parliaments and its Members.
- Union Judiciary: The Supreme Court: its role and powers. Principles of Natural Justice of Law. Judicial Review and Judicial activism;
- State Governments :
- State Executive: Powers and function of Governor, Chief Minister and the council of Ministers.
- State Legislature: Organization, Powers and functions, with special reference to Jharkhand.
- State Judiciary: High Organization, Powers and functions; Subordinate Judiciary.
- The Panchayats and the Municipalities: Constitution, Power, functions and responsibilities with special reference to 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments.
- Centre-state Relationship: Administrative, Legislative and Financial.
- Provisions relating to Administration of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribal Areas.
- Special provision relating to reservation of seats for S.C. and S.T. in Legislature, Services etc.
- Emergency Provisions of the Constitution.
- Comptroller & Auditor-General of India (CAG).
- Election Commission of India.
- Political Parties and Pressure Groups.
Section (B) – Public Administration & Good Governance
- Public Administration: Introduction, meaning, scope and significance.
- Public and Private Administration.
- Union Administration: Central Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Prime Minister’s office. Planning Commission, Finance Commission.
- State Administration: State Secretary, Chief Minister’s Office.
- District Administration: Origin and development of the office of the District Magistrate and Collector; Changing Role of the District Collector; Impact to the separation of judiciary on District Administration.
- Personnel Administration: Recruitment of Civil Services: Union Public Service Commission and the state Public Service Commission; Training of Civil Ser
vants; Leadership and it qualities; Employee’s morale and productivity.
- Delegation, Centralization and de-centralization of authority.
- Bureaucracy: Origin; its merits and demerits; Role of Bureaucracy in Policy formulation and its implementation. Nexus between Bureaucracy and Political Executive; Generalist versus Specialist.
- Development Administration.
- Disaster Management: Causes, Meaning and Classification of Disaster; Disaster Mitigation: Immediate and Long-term measures.
- Good Governance: Meaning and concept of Good and Responsive Governance; Main features of Good Governance: Accountability, Transparency, Honesty and Quick Delivery; Role of Civil Society and Peoples Participation in Good Governance. Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Lokpal, Lokayukta, Central Vigilance Commissioner: Citizens charter: Object, Machinery and Measures provided in (i) Right to Service Act; (ii) Right of Information Act; (iii) Right to Education Act; (iv) The Consumer Protection Act; (v) Domestic Violence Against Women (Prevention) Act; (vi) old Age Act.
- Human Right: Concept and Meaning Universal Declaration of Human Right; National Human Rights Commission; State Human Rights Commission; Human Rights and Social Issues; Human Rights and Terrorism.
INDIAN ECONOMY, GLOBALIZATION AND SUSTIANABLE DEVELOPMET
Total Marks: 200 Time: 3 hours
The question-paper on Indian Economy, Globalization and Sustainable Development shall consist shall contain twenty objective question each of two marks (20×2=40 marks). The twenty objective questions of this section shall be drawn from the entire syllabus of the paper; of which 6 questions will b drawn from Groups A, 6 from Group B, 4 from Group C and 4 from Group D of syllabus. Section II, III, IV & V of the question-paper shall have two optional questions each; drawn respectively from Groups A, B, C & D of the syllabus, of which the candidates will be required to answer to answer one question from each group, each question carrying 40 marks. Thus, altogether the candidates will be required to answer one objective type compulsory question, carrying 40 marks, and 4 optional questions, each carrying 40 marks, The optional question shall be answered in the traditional, descriptive form; requiring long answers.
Group (A) – Basic Features of Indian Economy
- National Income: Elementary concepts of national income and methods of its calculation e.g. GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP, GSDP, NSDP, DDP at constant current prices, factor cost etc;
- Inflation: Concept, control of Inflation: monetary, fiscal and direct measures.
- Demographic features: Work force composition, demographic dividend with special reference to census of 2011; National Population Policy.
- Agriculture and Rural Economy: Importance of agriculture in national economy; agricultural growth in India-production & productivity; causes of low productivity and measures taken by government to improve agricultural production; Green Revolution, Ever Green Revolution and Rainbow revolution; WTO and agriculture, Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs.
- Industrial Economy: Policy initiative & charges.
- Public Finance: nature, importance and scope of public finance; Public Revenue-Principles and types of taxation; direct, indirect, progressive and proportional, concept of VAT.
- Public Expenditure: Theories of public expenditure; cause of growth of public expenditure and its impact on economy; internal and external borrowings.
- Budget: Principles of budgeting; types of budgeting-performance-based, Zero-based; FRMD.
- Fiscal policy: Concept and role of fiscal policy in achieving employment, stability and economic development.
- Centre-State fiscal relationship, role of Finance Commission; Financial aspects of 73rd and 74 Constitution amendments.
- Structure of Indian monetary and banking system in India.
- (A) Composition and direction of India’s trade; Balance of payment problem.
Group (B) – Sustainable Development, Economic Issues and Indian Development Strategy
- Meaning and Measurement of Economic Development; Characteristics of Under Development.
- Indicators of development: HDI, GDI, GEM; India’s HDI Progress.
- Role of Foreign capital & technology in growth of economy.
- Sustainable development: concept and indicators of sustainable development; economic, social and environmental sustainability; concept of Green GDP; Strategy and policy for sustainable development in India.
- Meaning of inclusive growth and development policy and strategy during 11th and Five Plans.
- Development status and issues pertaining to socially and economically marginalized sections, like STs, religious minorities, backward castes and woman; schemes launched for their development by Central/State Governments, including TSP, SCSP and minorities.
- Poverty and Un-employment: Measurements and trends; identification of BPL families, HPI, Multi Dimensional Indian poverty index.
- Food and Nutritional Security: Trends in Food production and consumption in India; Problem of Food Security: Problems and issues of storage, procurement, distribution, import and export: Government policies, schemes and programmes such as, PDS, ICDS and Mid-day Meal etc.
- Governmental policies for food and nutritional security.
- Planning Strategy: Objectives and strategy of Indian Five year Plans; Functions and Role of NDC, Planning Commission.
- Decentralized Planning: Meaning and importance; PRIS and decentralized planning major initiatives in India.
Group (C) – Economic Reforms, Nature and Impact on Indian Economy
- New economic Reforms-Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization, rationale and need for reforms, International financial institutions IMF, World Bank, WTO, their role and impact on Indian economy.
- Financial and Banking sector reforms, economic reforms and rural banking impact on rural credit: source and problems of rural credit, institutional credit, SHG, micro finance, NABARD, RRBs, Scheduled Commercial Banks, rural co-operatives, financial inclusion.
- Globalization of Indian economy: its positive and negative impact on different sectors, issues issues of FDI and FII in India.
- Agricultural sector reforms and its impact on growth; issues of subsidies and public investment on agriculture, reforms and agrarian crisis.
- Industrial development and Economic reforms in India: Major changes in industrial policy, its impact on industrial growth and problems of SMEs; role of Public Sector enterprises in India’s industrialization in post reforms period; Disinvestment and Privatisation of Public Enterprises.
Group (D) – Economy of Jharkhand: Features, Issues, Challenges and Strategies
- Economic growth and structure of Jharkhand’s economy, sectoral composition, growth in SDP and per capita NSDP in last decade, Agricultural and industrial in Jharkhand.
- Demographic features of Jharkhand: population growth, sex ratio, density, literacy composition etc. with special reference to Census of 2001 and 2011, inter district variations.
- Status of poverty, unemployment, food security, malnutrition, education and health indicators in Jharkhand, major initiatives, Issues of agricultural and rural development, major programs and schemes; poverty alleviation programs; PURA, Bharat Nirman, MGNREGA, PMGSY, SGSY, IAY, NRLM etc., Food security schemes.
- Land, forest and environmental issues in Jharkhand : land reforms and agrarian relations, tribal land alienation, development induced displacement of people; its impacts and policy initiatives; forest issues and implementation of FRA, Environmental degradation and State policy to deal with to,
- Five year plans in Jharkhand strategy and achievement in x and XIth Plan, TSP and SCSP, Public finance trends in Jharkhand, industrial policy in Jharkhand industrial development.
GENERAL SCIENCE, ENVIRONMENT & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
Total Marks: 200 Time: hours
The question paper of General Science, Environment & Technology Development shall have six sections, Section – I, shall have 20 objective type of question, each of 2 marks (20 x 2 = 40 marks). Questions for this section will be drawn at the rate of four questions from each of the five Groups of the syllabus. Sections II, III, IV, V and VI of the Question paper shall have two optional questions each, drawn respectively from Groups A, B, C, D and E of the syllabus; of which candidates will be required to answer only one question from each group, each question carrying 32 marks. Optional questions shall be answered in the traditional manner, requiring descriptive answers, not exceeding 500 to 600 words. Thus, altogether Candidates will be required to answer one objective type compulsory question (40 marks) and five descriptive type optional questions (5 x 32 = 160 marks).
Group (A) – Physical Science
- System of Units: MKS, CGS and SI.
- Definition of speed, velocity, gravity, mass, weight, force, impact, work, power and energy
- Solar system, relative position of Earth with respect to Sun and other planets, movement of earth and moon in solar system, lunar and solar eclipses.
- Concept and nature of Sound, Wave length and frequency, Infrasonic and Ultrasonic sounds, Sources of infrasonic sound in nature, Ultrasonic sound characteristics and some applications.
Group (B) – Life Science
- The living world, Cell-structure and its functions, functions, Diversity of organism.
- Bio molecules – structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Vitamins and deficiency diseases, Enzymes, Hormones – Plant hormones and growth regulation, Animal hormones and their functions.
- Cell reproduction- Cell cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis.
- Medallion Inheritance – Monohybrid cross, Sex li
nked Inheritance, Sex Determination, DNA Structure & Function, DNA Replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene Regulation, Molecular basis of differentiation.
- Theories of Evolution of life on earth, including Human Evolution.
Groups (C) – Agriculture Science
- Different agro-climatic zones of Jharkhand, rain fall pattern and known abiotic stresses in each zone.
- Rain fed agriculture; Conventional food and horticultural crops of the state, Need for diversification of crops for food as well as nutritional security in the wake of climate change; Rain water harvesting and its role in improving agriculture output in Jharkhand; Fish farming.
- Soil fertility status of Jharkhand- Application of Vermi compost and Farm Yard Manure (FYM) for improving soil health Nitrogen fixing bacteria; their applications and Concept of Organic farming.
- Concept of Agro-forestry, Waste lands and means to reclaim them.
- Government schemes for the benefit of the farmers of the state.
Groups (D) – Environmental Science
Concept of Ecosystem, Structure and Function of Ecosystem, Natural resources-Renewable and Non renewable resources, Environmental Conservation-in situ and ex situ conservation, Pollution-Air, Water, Sound and Soil, Solid Waste Management; Biodiversity: concept, hotspots, threats to biodiversity; Global Environmental Issues: Climate change, Global warming, Ozone layer depletion, Acid rain Desertification, Environmental Laws-The Environment (Protection) Act, The Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, Forest Conservation Act.
Group (E) – Science & Technology Development
National Policy on Science and Technology; Energy demand of the country; Conventional and Non-conventional sources of energy; Nuclear Energy: its merits and demerits; Trends in Nuclear Policy, NPT and CTBT. Space Technology-Indian space programmes, Application of Satellites for different purposes; Indian missile programme; Remote sensing: GIS and its application in weather forecasting, disaster, disaster warning, mapping of water, soil, and mineral resource etc; Use of Biotechnology in agriculture, animal breeding, pharmaceuticals, food technology, and environmental conservation; Possible adverse effects of biotechnological interventions; Information technology: Computers and its application in data processing, data programmes, Cybercrime and cyber laws.
National Health Policy: national programmes for prevention and control of Malaria, Leprosy, T.B., Cancer Aids, Blindness etc.
जेपीएससी आयु सीमा,
जेपीएससी का पिछले प्रश्न पत्र,
JPSC Syllabus 2021 PDF Download,
जेपीएससी पिछले वर्ष प्रश्न पत्र,
JPSC Syllabus 2021 in Hindi PDF Download,
यूपीएससी पाठ्यक्रम 2021,
JPSC पाठ्यक्रम 2021,